Wisdom teeth are types of molars that grow at the far back of the mouth. They are the last set of adult teeth to grow. The teeth start growing between the age of 16 and 25 years. Even though wisdom teeth are a great addition to the molar family, they are not necessary for the complete functioning of the teeth. Removing wisdom teeth can, therefore, not negatively impact the nutrition or digestion process of a person.
The Process of Wisdom Tooth Extraction
Removing the wisdom tooth from the jawbone is not a simple process. The wisdom teeth have three roots, which make them harder to extract as compared to other types of teeth. That said, the procedure of tooth extractions requires a minor surgical intervention.
The extraction of your wisdom tooth can be removed from one of our dental offices by a dentist. However, if you have a complex situation necessitating the removal of your wisdom tooth, the procedure involves some of the following steps:
- Sedation and numbing – local anesthesia is a necessary part of any tooth extraction process. Since wisdom tooth extraction is a surgical procedure, some pain may be involved. The anesthesia numbs the area to alleviate the discomfort. Sedation may also be used for patients who have anxiety issues with dental procedures. The sedation will help keep you calm as our experts work on your tooth.
- An incision on gum tissue – the dentist in charge will make an incision on your gums to expose the bines and roots of the wisdom tooth.
- The extraction process – the extraction will involve pulling out the wisdom tooth from its roots. In some cases, a wisdom tooth can be stubborn for removal as a whole. Our dental experts have come up with a way to extract such a tooth. It is broken down in small pieces for easy removal.
- Cleanups – after the extraction, the affected area is cleaned out to get rid of all debris and tooth particles. The wound is then stitched up to allow for healing.
Why We Might Recommend Wisdom Tooth Extraction
Patients may want their wisdom teeth removed for different reasons. While some people are majorly concerned with their cosmetic appearance, some other serious situations can necessitate the removal of wisdom teeth. When you visit our dental offices for a dental exam, we might recommend the extraction of one or more of your wisdom teeth for one of the following reasons:
- Discomfort – if the wisdom teeth have not grown properly, they can cause pain and discomfort to the patient. Since they are at the very far back of the mouth, they can make chewing and swallowing problems. This often happens when the wisdom teeth do not properly grow above the gum tissue. This way, part of the gum tissue is trapped in between a wisdom tooth. This makes the chewing surface uneven, exposing the gum tissue to unnecessary discomfort.
- Tooth decay – like any other type of tooth, wisdom teeth can succumb to tooth decay. It is one thing if you are battling with small cavities, but a whole different story if the decay is severe. Deep decay on wisdom teeth is very common because of where the teeth are located. Patients with decayed wisdom teeth have a hard time properly brushing the teeth. The plaque build-up, therefore, breeds room for deep decaying of those teeth.
- Infection –the surrounding tissues of wisdom teeth can succumb to infections at any time. For one, poor oral hygiene for these teeth is a perfect combination for them to get infected. If the gum tissue around a wisdom tooth gets infected then the patient will feel the impaction in that whole area. This is especially so when chewing.
- Crowded mouth – sometimes the jawbone is only enough to accommodate 28 to 30 teeth. With the addition of wisdom teeth, the mouth may be too crowded. This happens for patients who have big teeth. As a consequence, the patients have overlapped teeth that are not aesthetically appealing. In such cases, our dentist will recommend wisdom tooth extraction to create room in your mouth.
- The wrong angle of growth – wisdom teeth does not always grow in the correct angle. Sometimes they face toward the second molar and place pressure on that tooth. Other times, they grow facing backward, toward the end of the mouth. Such situations can merit an extraction procedure from one of our dentists.